- Design history of staircases, balusters, spindles, newel post, newel caps and finials

The Stair parts, Spindles ,Balusters, Newel Posts to make a grand and impressive entrance way to the finest houses, the formal Stair way has a long and distinguished history that evolved from architectural styles that started with the grand stairways of the Middle Age and Tudor Interiors Period.

Tudor & Jacobean Interiors Stairways

From the 15th century the finest Buildings were fitted with Oak Stairways, The Oak in the finest building the stair parts was made was often imported from Scandinavia

In the more elaborate finest buildings the stair way was considered the most important area in the building, great time craftsmanship and expenditure was undertaken to make impressive staircases of the Tudor Period the carving of the timber Oak Stair Parts, The Spindles, Balusters ,Newel Posts and Finials Style rails were finely designed and richly carved.

During these periods the Grand Staircase with its richly carved Balusters Panels or spindles, tread end carvings,carved Newel Posts gave a grand entrance which led to the Great Chamber the most important room of the house, which would contain the most splendid impressive furniture of the House, the Great Chamber fulfilled the purpose of the private dining and supper room of the lord and lady of the house, besides being used as an audience and reception chamber

The stair way parts/balusters/spindles carved components of this period were designed to impress no expense was spared to produce a grand entrance to the Great houses/buildings of the period, for many years Guild craftsmen carvers have repaired and replaced stair parts in the finest stair ways in the very finest Palaces, Mansions, Castles, Chateaus, Hotels and Homes of Europe and Americas.

The staircase of this period in all but the finest House Grand Stairways was the straight flight.  In small houses it was squeezed into a narrow space and was often hidden behind a partition.  The dog-leg stair is a variation, comprising two adjacent flights with generally carved spindles or baluster newel posts and richly detailed carved finials.

In better houses the staircase was an important object of status; it was often placed to the side of the central hall with elaborate, weighty carved decoration on the stair parts the Baluster Spindles and the Newel posts were headed by finely detailed carved finials often heraldic carrying the family coat of arms and motto.  Many houses, including quite grand ones, had external staircases and galleries.

The History of  the Design of the Worlds Finest Staircase, Stair Parts, Balusters, Spindles, Newel Posts and Finials are based on the Periods of the Ruling Monarchs of Great Britain these are:

The History includes Different illustrations of Designs of the finest Stair Parts, Carved Spindles, Balusters, Newel Posts, Finials. All these stair parts can be Hand Carved and Hand Made by the Master Craftsmen of The Crown Guild of Master Woodcarvers


  • Henry V 1413 - 1422
  • Henry VI 1422 - 1461
  • Edward IV 1461 - 1483
  • Edward V 1483
  • Richard III 1483 - 1485
  • Henry VII 1485 - 1509

TUDOR 1509 - 1603

  • Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
  • Queen Mary 1553 - 1558
  • Edward VI 1547 - 1553
  • Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603


  • Stuart and Commonwealth Period 1603 - 1660
  • James I 1625 - 1649
  • Charles I 1625 - 1649
  • Commonwealth 1649 - 1660


  • Restoration Stuart 1660 - 1714
  • Charles III 1660 - 1685
  • James II 1685 - 1689
  • William and Mary 1689 - 1702
  • Queen Anne 1702 - 1714


  • Early Georgian
  • George I 1714 - 1727
  • George II 1727 - 1760
  • Later Georgian
  • George III 1760 - 1811


  • Federal and Empire 1780 - 1850


  • Regency and Early Victorian 1811 - 1860